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Lumber Prices: Typical Price for Estimating the Cost of Dimensional Lumber

2x Lumber

Sometimes called “sticks” or “studs” by contractors, 2x lumber (pronounced “two-by”) is cheap, strong, and perfect for simple wood projects. Most 2x lumber you’ll find at a home center comes from either spruce, pine, or fir trees, depending on which type of wood the supplier has at the time. Not that this makes any difference to us really, all three species are very similar. It does, however, explain the mysterious “SPF” label: S=Spruce, P=Pine, F=Fir. Another label you might find confusing on 2x lumber is the board length. Some 2x boards are cut to 96” (8 ft.)—while others curiously measure a couple inches shorter. The difference means nothing to us building a workbench or a shelf, but for a carpenter putting up a wall in a house, the shorter length of a stud may be the exact size needed to fit a board between the bottom and top plates of an typical 8’ wall. Look to see if your store has a special discount on “studs”—which they often do.

1x Lumber

Another inexpensive type of wood that works great for building simple projects is 1x pine (pronounced “one-by”). Most stores carry 1x pine boards in two different grades—"#2” and “select.” It’s easy to spot the difference—#2 boards are riddled with knots and holes, while select boards are clean and free of defects. Select boards are also 3-4 times the price. The challenge for budget-minded project builders is to carefully sort through the #2-grade lumber bins and find boards with the fewest number of defects. You might be surprised just how clean of a board you can pull out of the pile.

 

 
2x lumber prices
Board Stud* 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
2x3   $1.86        
2x4 $1.90 $2.16 $2.83 $3.73 $4.72 $5.35
2x6 $3.70 $3.84 $4.28 $4.86 $5.89 $7.25

             *Typically 84" in length

#2 Pine Lumber Prices
Board Per ft* 6' 8' 10' 12'  
1x2            
1x3            
1x4 $0.58 $3.62 $4.44 $5.94 $6.98  
1x6 $0.88 $5.37 $6.87 $8.77 $10.72  
1x8 $0.75 $5.98 $7.98 $10.24 $11.41  
1x10 $0.98 $7.98 $9.98 $13.45 $15.46  
1x12 $1.75 $9.98 $14.28 $17.25 $22.24  

             *Average price per ft.

 

1x Lumber Prices - Primed
Board Per ft* 6' 8' 10' 12'  
1x2            
1x3 $0.50   $3.98      
1x4 $0.78   $6.25      
1x6 $1.25   $9.98   $14.97  
1x8 $1.46       $17.48  

             *Average price per ft.

1x Lumber Prices - Select
Board Per ft 6' 8' 10' 12'  
1x2 $0.55   $4.36      
1x3 $0.89   $7.12      
1x4 $1.14   $9.12      
1x6 $2.08   $16.62      
1x8 $2.57   $20.57      

 

1x Lumber Prices - Poplar
Board Per ft 6' 8' 10' 12'  
1x2 $0.55   $4.36      
1x3 $0.89   $7.12      
1x4 $1.14   $9.12      
1x6 $2.08   $16.62      
1x8 $2.57   $20.57      

 

1x Lumber Prices - Maple
Board Per ft* 6' 8' 10' 12'  
1x2 $0.94 $6.94 $7.52 $9.40 $11.28  
1x3 $1.49 $8.94 $11.92 $14.90 $17.88  
1x4 $2.15 $12.90 $17.20 $21.50 $25.80  
1x6 $3.24 $19.44 $25.92 $32.40 $38.88  

 
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